Mortgage Terms You Should Know

If it is your first time to look for a home to buy on a mortgage, you may encounter unfamiliar words. In this article, you will understand and learn more some of the mortgage loans. You may have heard it before from your friends or family, but you don’t have any idea what it stands for.

What does a mortgage lender do? It is a loan from the bank or any financial institution that assists individuals in looking for a house that suits your budget. There are lots of terms that you should know about a mortgage. You don’t need to master everything, but you should familiarize yourself. You can also do some research on the basic terms so you can understand the contract and conditions. 

Always ask if you have questions or did not understand a statement, especially if you are going to sign papers or any documents. The lender would be happy to explain it to you to avoid confusion and possible issues in the long run. Below are some terms that you may encounter during the process of your mortgage loans.


Escrow is an account wherein money is kept before transferring to the end party. It is to hinder scams, disputes, and fraudulent behavior when dealing with high-value assets. These accounts can bear money, funds, and securities alongside many others. A lot of people with mortgage loans in Texas have these accounts. Lenders are also responsible for holding money for homeowners insurance or property taxes in them. It is good to have one since you are allowed to divide insurance and taxes in twelve months rather than paying all of it at a go. The lender that you are working with may also decide to put together the escrow payments with the monthly mortgage dues plus the interest payments and the principal. 

Home Inspection.

There is no way that you can choose a home by only looking at it in a newspaper or by curb appeal. What does a mortgage lender does? There will be an inspector. They look at everything the house has to offer, inspecting every inch of it no matter how minor because it is better to be safe than sorry. After the inspection, they will give you a report that will update you on the home’s problems. That includes: what needs to get repaired or replaced. There is a need for you to outsmart the lender you will be working with since most of them do not insist on inspection as a condition. Can you imagine buying a home that has umpteenth issues cropping up now and then? Please do not risk it.

Down Payment

Once a mortgage company finds you fit for the acquisition of a mortgage loan, you will start paying down payment: the first payment you make towards the loan. It is usually the percentage of the value of the loan. If you have ever taken a loan, you will be familiar with down payments since they are required in most types of loans. Forget the myths that you always hear from people with prejudiced views. One of them states that you can only buy a home with a 20% down payment. You can purchase a home with a down payment as low as 3%, 5%, or even none in some government-backed loans.

Adjustable-Rate Mortgage {ARM}

How can I get the lowest mortgage rate? You can choose ARM, this type of loan has a flexible interest rate, which depends on the movement of market rates. Note that when you are signed into an ARM, you are usually given a short duration of fixed interest rates. The introduction period can last a decade, and as long as you are swimming in this stage, the rates are usually cheaper than those that come with fixed-rate loans. After that period, the rates tend to follow those of the market. However, adjustable-rate mortgage got you in that they provide a climax in which your rates can rise or fall through your loan period, meaning they will not let it go way over or under.


This is how the payments you make over time are spread out since the book value of a loan lowers with time. There is usually a division of money paid towards the loan: there is a percentage that goes towards relieving the loan principal while the other one towards the interest. Note that the principal is usually high in the beginning, while most of the money you pay goes to the interest. With time, however, the total opposite will occur with the interest since you tend to chip away at your principal. There is also a schedule that helps the borrower to keep track of the loan and even pay it off faster called an amortization schedule.

The points that follow show some of the terms that are used in mortgage loans and know what do you need to qualify for a mortgage in Texas. Ensure that you learn them because they will be used a lot, especially if you plan on taking a mortgage loan.